Baku Olympic Stadium, Azerbaijan
아제르바이잔 바쿠 올림픽 경기장; 마름모꼴 패턴 파사드가 돋보이는 시민을 위한 복합 문화 시설

Heerim Architects & Planners Co., Ltd. | (주)희림종합건축사사무소

 

 

Baku Olympic Stadium is a powerful landmark of Azerbaijan and the largest stadium in the country, built to host the opening and closing ceremonies and athletic games for the first European Games held in 2015. This 68,000 seat stadium, located in the capital city Baku, for which Heerim Architects & Planners in Korea provided total DCM (Design + Construction Management) services, fully complies with the requirements and standards set by IAAF, FIFA and UEFA, and has also served as the final of the UEFA Europa League held in May 2019. The former waste-oilfield was regenerated through innovative design and engineering approaches to be reborn as an environmentally-friendly public park, featuring friendly sports, commercial and community facilities and becoming a new urban destination for the citizens of Baku to enjoy beyond the hosting of mega sports events.

아제르바이잔의 수도 바쿠에 자리한 바쿠 올림픽 경기장희림종합건축사사무소가 설계와 건설사업관리를 맡아 건설한 68,000석 규모의 종합 경기 시설이다.
아제르바이잔을 대표하는 대형 경기장인 만큼 국제축구연맹FIFA과 유럽축구연맹UEFA, 국제육상경기연맹IAAF이 제시하는 기준을 모두 충족하며, 개장 첫해인 2015년 6월 제1회 유러피언 게임을 치렀다. 그 뒤 2019년 5월에는 유럽축구연맹에서 주관하는 유로파리그 결승전이 이곳에서 열렸다. 올해 예정되었던 2020 유럽축구선수권대회는 내년 2021년으로 미뤄졌다.

 

 

Project: Baku Olympic Stadium / Location: Baku, Azerbaijan / Architects: Heerim Architects & Planners Co., Ltd. – Youngkyoon Jeong + Namseung Cho / Project team: Hyejung Ryoo, Eulkyeong Hong, Seungkyu Seo, ByeongSoo Kim, Sanggue Lee, Byungkee Kim, Jihun Kim, Jaejun Lee, Junho Bae / Construction: Tekfen Construction and Installation co. / Client: SOCAR (The State Oil Company of the Azerbaijan Republic) / Seats: 68,000 / Site area: 495,683.10m2 / Bldg. area: 90,184.25m2 / Gross floor area: 207,726.40m2 / Bldg. coverage ratio: 18.19% / Gross floor ratio: 41.55% / Bldg. scale: six stories above ground / Max. height : 60.08m / Structure: RC+SRC bowl structure, precast concrete seating, steel truss roof / Design: 2013 / Completion: 2015 / Photograph: Wansoon Park / Awards: 2015 ENR Global Best Project_Sports, 2015 StadiumDB Best Stadium of the year 7th place, 2016 FIDIC Award of Merit (DCM), 2016 Architect of the year, World Stadium Congress Awards, 2016 ACEC New York Engineering Excellence Gala (Structural System)_ Diamond Award, 2016 KACEM Awards_Gold Prize for MOLIT Minister’s Prize, 2017 4th Global CM Contest_Bronze Prize

 

 

 

 

The Maiden Tower and the Shaki Khan Palace are the most majestic architectural monuments of Azerbaijan. The design of the Baku Olympic Stadium was inspired by the cylindrical mass shape of the Maiden Tower and the unique geometric patterns of the Shaki Khan Palace, from which the pure geometry of the stadium volume was derived.

 

 

 

 

 

The origin of the name Azerbaijan derives from the word ‘Azer’ indicating fire and ‘baijan’ meaning guardian. The diamond-patterned stadium façade embodies the image of burning flames, symbolizing Azerbaijan’s identity, as well as dynamism and immortality.
The geometric form of the cylindrical stadium is covered in an eco-friendly ETFE façade of 60 uniform modules. LED lighting effects over the ETFE façades create vibrant colors and bring excitement to the cityscape.

 

 

 

 

 

 

바쿠의 고대 유적 메이든 타워와 쉐키 칸 궁전이 모티브로, 각각의 특징인 원통형 매스와 기하학적 패턴에 착안해 원형의 경기장에서 뻗어 나가는 방사형 평면을 설계했다. 독특한 파사드를 구성하는 마름모꼴 패턴은 아제르바이잔의 상징, 불을 형상화한 영원불멸을 상징한다.
외장재에 사용한 고강도 비닐ETFE 막은 두께가 매우 얇고 투명한 막으로 이뤄진 친환경 소재다. 빛 투과율이 높아 조명 효과를 극대화할 수 있다는 장점이 있다. 이를 활용해 LED 조명으로 연출한 다채로운 경관은 바쿠 경기장의 화려한 볼거리다.

 

 

 

 

 

주 경기장과 보조 경기장은 스포츠 행사뿐 아니라 콘서트를 비롯해 다양한 이벤트가 열리는 장소이며, 지상층은 쇼핑몰과 각종 문화 체육 시설이 들어선 복합 문화 공간이다.
2층과 4층에는 커뮤니티와 비즈니스를 위한 공간을 마련해 지역 경제 활성화에도 기여하는 등 경기가 끝난 후에도 지속적으로 활용하는 계획을 세워 시민을 위한 시설물로 자리 잡았다.
원래 폐유 저장 시설이 있던 부지를 재생해 만든 경기장은, 스포츠, 상업, 커뮤니티 시설을 아우르는 동시에 호수가 있는 넓은 공원을 조성해 도심 속 여가 공간으로도 제 역할을 다하고 있다.

 

 

 

 

 

After the successful European Games of 2015, Baku Olympic Stadium has been used as the main stadium for the national football team and is scheduled to host a quarterfinal and three of the group stage matches for UEFA Euro 2020 (now postponed to 2021). The area around the stadium is also serving the public as a public park, with a lake and greenery where citizens come to enjoy the space and interact.

 

 

 

The main stadium and auxiliary stadium are utilized to house various cultural events such as concerts, performances and other sporting events, while the ground level is used as a multipurpose community space equipped with shopping malls and cultural facilities, and the level 2 and level 4 are strategically planned to accommodate community and business facilities.
Such efforts for the stadium’s continued usage after the games has successfully positioned the building as the center of the city’s cultural and sports complex, contributing to regional economic growth and reputation.